Altai mountains of western Mongolian offer a beautiful landscape coupled with three unique cultures - Mongolians, Kazakhs, and Tuvans. The area is rich in wildlife and provides one of the last refuges for the Altai Argali, the world's largest sheep, as well as the endangered Snow Leopard. In addition, western Mongolia is rich in archeological sites that vary from ancient petroglyphs to stone carvings from early Turkish nomads. To travel in western Mongolia and visit this area's nomadic people between the snow covered peaks of the Altai Mountains means to experience something that cannot be repeated anywhere else in the world. On a trip though this region, one discovers new horizons, will feel the beauty of unexplored wilderness and experience the freedom of nomadic life.
Hangai mountains bisects the Arhangai and Övörhangai provincens. Ar means “north”, and “övör means “south. Hangai Mountains have been established as a national park in recent times. The most well-known area is the famous Orhon Valley, which is in the Mongol heartland, just west of the ancient capital of Karakorum (Harhorin). Orhon Valley has a small water fall – Ulaan Tsutsgalan – and nearby is also the remote Tövhön monastery, high up on its sides, founded by Zanabazar as a retreat. In the buffer zone of the Hangai Mountains to the north is Horgo National Park, with the Terhiin Tsagaan Lake and Horgo extinct volcano in Arhangai province. On the far western end is the eternally snow-capped sacred mountain of Otgontenger. The interior of the Hangai Mountains is uninhabited and locals use it for hunting only.
The Gobi Desert is a vast zone of desert and desert steppe covering almost 30 percent of the Mongolian territory. The area is often imagined as a lifeless desert like in many other parts of the world. In reality, most part of the Gobi Desert is a land of steppes and it is the home for camel breeders rich with wildlife and vegetation. Wild asses, camels, snow leopards, mountain sheep and gazelles flourish here, as do different types of flora. Dinosaur skeletons and their petrified eggs have been preserved here to the present day. Mongolians consider that there are 33 different Gobi, where sandy desert occupies only 3 percent of the total territory. Climate is extreme with 40 degrees Celsius in summer and severe winter.